Почетна / Цвеќарство / Болести кај циклама (Cyclamen spp.)

Болести кај циклама (Cyclamen spp.)

1.Botrytis- сиво гниење

Botrytis cinereaпредизвикува гниење на цветовите и листовите. Сите заболени делови се прекриени со сива прекривка (од мицелиите на габата), подоцна се сушат и стануваа сиво- кафени.

 

Контрола: Намалување на влагата под 85%, вентилација на просторот, фунгициди.

 

Сл.1 Циклама заболена од Botrytis cinerea

2. Fusarium фузариозно венење

Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cyclaminis предизвикува болест на подземните и надземните делови. Првите симптоми се јавуваат на младите растенија (2-6 листови), со промена на бојата на листовите во жолта. Промената започнува од лисната дршка накај врвот на листот  и тоа и вертикално и хоризонтално.

Во младите корења настанува промена на васкуларното ткиво. Во почетокот нема видливи симптоми, но подоцна внатрешноста на корењата е кафена или црна.

Во луковиците внатрешноста е исто така кафена или црна. Симптомите не се забележуваат се до цветањето кога настанува венење.

Контрола: садење во стерилен супстрат и стерилизација на саксиите.

 

Сл.2 Подземни делови зафатени од Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cyclaminis

 

Сл.3 Фузариозно венење

 3.Мек гнилеж

Erwinia carotovora ја предизвикува најчестата болест кај цикламата. Често прв видлив симптом е венење на растението. Обично луковиците се претворени во кашеста мека маса, а коренот останува непроменет. Понекогаш се зафатени и лисните дршки кои овенуваат и паѓаат. Гниењето се шири за време на топлите летни месеци.

Контрола: треба да се обрне внимание при наводнувањето поради тоа што оваа бактерија се пренесува преку водата. Само што ќе се открие болеста тоа растение треба да се отстрани. При садењето треба да се користи стерилен супстрат и за време на одгледувањето потребна е добра вентилација.

 

Сл.4 Мек гнилеж предизвикан од Erwinia carotovora

 4.Пегавост на цветовите

Botrytis cinereaпредизвикува пеги на латиците. Кај розовите вариетети во почетокот центарот на пегите е во нормална боја, подоцна станува исполнет со вода, темен и некротичен. Кај белите вариетети центарот е некротичен, а надворешниот дел е исполнет со вода.

Контрола: добра вентилација, контрола на влагата и топлината, отстранување на заболените растенија.

 

Сл.5 Пегавост на цветовите предизвикано од Botrytis cinerea

 5.Лисна пегавост

Ramularia, Phyllosticta spp.– делумна дефолиација

 

Сл.6 Растение заболено од Ramularia

6.Лисна закржлавеност

Ramularia cyclaminicolaпредизвикува закржлавеност на растенијата, листовите се мали и жолти, лисните дршки и цветоносните стебла се пократки од нормално и цветовите карактеристично се отвораат под листовите. На местата на инфекција во луковиците се наоѓаат црвенкасто- кафени некротирани површини.

Контрола:  садење во стерилен супстрат, фунгициди.

Автор: www.agri.mk

Check Also

Аспидистра (lat.Aspidistra elatior)

  Ова растение со темнозелени листови може да поднесе речиси сè. Трпи сенка, чад, а …

47 comments

  1. I’m impressed, I need to say. Seriously rarely do I encounter a blog that’s each educative and entertaining, and let me let you know, you may have hit the nail on the head. Your concept is outstanding; the problem is some thing that not sufficient folks are speaking intelligently about. I am pretty content that I stumbled across this in my search for some thing relating to this.

  2. Howdy! This is my first comment on this site so I simply wanted to say a quick shout out and say I really enjoy reading through your articles. Can you recommend other sites that deal with Arvind Pandit? I’m as well highly keen on that! Appreciate it!

  3. Thanks a lot for discussing this, I bookmarked the site. I am furthermore looking for info on garageband for ios, have you any idea exactly where I can find a thing like this? I’ll return quickly!

  4. Greetings. I recently found this page and I certainly like it. I also like to speak about facetime free occasionally. Good to be around, thanks a lot!

  5. 832892 606715Following study several the websites on your personal internet web site now, i truly like your indicates of blogging. I bookmarked it to my bookmark internet site list and will also be checking back soon. Pls consider my web-site likewise and tell me what you consider. 823123

  6. 257403 94106I like this site very a lot so a lot superb info . 183567

  7. 545344 618704Thank you, Ive recently been seeking for info about this subject for ages and yours will be the greatest Ive located out so far. But, what in regards towards the bottom line? Are you certain concerning the supply? 417241

  8. Hey! This is my first comment on this site so I really wanted to give a quick shout out and tell you I genuinely enjoy reading your posts. Can you recommend any other sites that cover lucky patcher app? I’m also very fascinated with that thing! Thank you so much!

  9. I arrived right here via some other website relating to home intercom system and thought I might look into this. I quite like what I see therefore I am just following you. Looking towards looking into your blog back again.

  10. Hello. Great job. I did not imagine this. This is a remarkable story. Thanks!

  11. You’re absolutely right and I totally agree with you. When you want, we might as well talk regarding firestarter app download, something that intrigues me. Your website is truly fantastic, all the best!

  12. Hi can you let me know which blog platform you are working with? I’m looking to start my site on more twitter followers soon although I’m having a hard time making a decision.

  13. Howdy! I know this is somewhat off-topic but I needed to ask. Does running a well-established website like yours require a lot of work? I’m completely new to blogging however I do write in my diary everyday. I’d like to start a blog so I can share my personal experience and views online. Please let me know if you have any recommendations or tips for brand new aspiring bloggers. Appreciate it!

  14. I’m really enjoying the theme/design of your site. Do you ever come across any browser compatibility situations? Quite a few of the blog audience have lamented about my 1080p movies website not operating the right way in Explorer but appears very good in Opera. Are there any ideas to help correct the issue?

  15. Hey, you’re certainly correct. I always read your site content carefully. I am likewise fascinated with injury claim lawyers, perhaps you could write about that from time to time. I will be back soon.

  16. You are absolutely right and I definitely agree with you. If you wish, we could also talk regarding pokemon go official, a thing which fascinates me. Your site is definitely amazing, cheers!

  17. 511575 4835It is not that I want to duplicate your web site, but I really like the style. Could you tell me which design are you making use of? Or was it custom created? 26855

  18. 967211 579834I like this site because so considerably useful material on here : D. 157070

  19. Hello there, I am so happy I came across this blog, I really encountered you by error, when I was searching on Bing for ethereum exchange. Regardless I am here right now and would simply love to say thank you for a incredible blog post and the overall entertaining blog (I too adore the theme/design), I do not have time to look over it completely at the moment but I have saved it and moreover added in your RSS feeds, so whenever I have the time I’ll be back to browse a lot more. Please do keep up the amazing work.

  20. It was actually great reading this article and I feel you’re completely correct. Let me know in the event that you are thinking of heat repair, this is my main expertise. I’m hoping to see you soon, take good care!

  21. I really like what you are now up to. Such cool work and coverage! Carry on the great work guys, I have added you to our full movies online web page.

  22. The abu dhabi evening desert safari is an excellent way to enjoy the desert and its many traditions and cultures. Call us to find out more.

  23. Appreciating the dedication you put into your website and thorough facts you display. It really is amazing to discover a blogging site every now and then that is not the same obsolete re-written material. Wonderful read! We have bookmarked your blog and I’m including your RSS feeds to my own canon printer help webpage.

  24. You’re entirely correct! I really enjoyed reviewing this article and I will get back for more as quickly as possible. My site is about where can i buy bitcoins, you could check it out if you’re still interested in that.

  25. Hello, what do you feel concerning video games online? Very interesting issue, isn’t it?

  26. Hi I’m really grateful I came across your website, I actually encountered you by mistake, while I was searching on Bing for freight forwarding services. Anyways I am here right now and would really enjoy to say thanks a lot for a fantastic write-up and the overall fun website (I furthermore adore the theme), I don’t have the time to look over it completely at the moment though I have bookmarked it and even added in your RSS feed, so whenever I have sufficient time I will be returning to browse much more. Make sure you do keep up the fantastic work.

  27. I felt wonderful reading this article and I feel you are absolutely correct. Tell me if you’re thinking about shipping packages, that is my principal expertise. I am hoping to see you in the near future, take good care!

  28. Hiya, I’m really glad I’ve found this information. Nowadays bloggers publish just about gossips and internet and this is actually irritating. A good blog with interesting content, this is what I need. Thank you for keeping this web-site, I’ll be visiting it. Do you do newsletters? Can’t find it.

  29. I felt great reading this article and I feel you are really correct. Tell me if perhaps you’re interested in how to choose a mesothelioma lawyer, this is my main competency. I really hope to check back with you soon, take good care!

  30. I would like to say cool blog! This is so helpful! Please write more.

  31. You are totally right, I’d like to know new info on this particular issue! I am as well fascinated by new movies online as I feel it’s very trendy right now. Great!

  32. Good write-up, I am regular visitor of one’s site, maintain up the excellent operate, and It is going to be a regular visitor for a long time.

  33. I really like what you fellows are up to. This type of great effort and visibility! Carry on the fantastic work guys, I have you to my own orthodontist webpage.

  34. Hi can you let me know which blog platform you are dealing with? I am planning to get started with my very own website on movies to watch very soon but I am having difficulty deciding.

  35. I’m very happy to read this. This is the type of manual that needs to be given and not the random misinformation that is at the other blogs. Appreciate your sharing this greatest doc.

  36. It was amazing to read this info and I feel you are absolutely right. Tell me in case you are interested in free movies, that is my principal competency. Hope to see you soon, take care!

  37. 995817 889715Im glad to become a visitor in this pure internet site, regards for this rare info! 494510

  38. Hello there, you are absolutely right. I always read your posts carefully. I’m furthermore fascinated by online movies, perhaps you could write about that at times. See you!

  39. 87788 195851Intriguing web site, i read it but i nonetheless have a few questions. shoot me an e-mail and we will speak much more becasue i may have an interesting idea for you. 284536

  40. 716329 611384Just a smiling visitant here to share the enjoy (:, btw outstanding style . 280097

  41. I have to show my appreciation to you for rescuing me from this particular setting. Right after surfing throughout the world-wide-web and meeting tricks that were not beneficial, I believed my entire life was gone. Living without the solutions to the difficulties you’ve fixed as a result of the short article is a crucial case, and those that would have negatively damaged my entire career if I had not come across your website. Your good ability and kindness in dealing with all areas was vital. I don’t know what I would’ve done if I hadn’t come across such a thing like this. I’m able to now look forward to my future. Thanks for your time very much for this impressive and effective guide. I won’t be reluctant to suggest your web sites to anyone who should have assistance about this area.

  42. 556166 652293I like this site quite a lot, Its a actually good situation to read and get info . 473168

  43. This website is remarkable

  44. Hi there, just became aware of your blog through Google,
    and found that it’s really informative. I am gonna watch out for brussels.
    I’ll be grateful if you continue this in future. Many people will be benefited from your writing.
    Cheers!

  45. 689112 56129I ought to admit that this is 1 great insight. It surely gives a company the opportunity to get in on the ground floor and actually take part in creating something particular and tailored to their needs. 838071

  46. Only excellent blog

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.